“Government officials, the public and employers need more guidance as to what constitutes a hazardous act created by inappropriate actions, which may include but is not limited to the use of electronic devices,” said ASSE President C. Christopher Patton, CSP. “While the research to date is significant and should be adequate to convince public policy makers, lawmakers and regulators that action is needed, better crash data and other research should be pursued to clarify and quantify the magnitude of the driver distraction problem as well as the relative contributions of different sources of driver distraction.”
ASSE recommends that its members pursue the following initiatives to help limit the risks posed by distracted driving:
- Encourage and support employer rules banning any employee use of electronic devices while driving, including proactive training of employees about the risks associated with electronic devices and other sources of distracted driving.
- Support proposed public laws and regulations that effectively limit the use of electronic devices while driving from the perspective of EHS professionals bringing attention to workplace driving risks.
- Support for public outreach funded by industry and the government that communicates the risks posed by distracted driving.
- Examination of state driver licensing processes to ensure all applicants and those who renew licenses understand the risks of distracted driving and ways to avoid such risks in addition to understanding state driving regulations.
- Increased research by the automotive industry, manufacturers of electronic and other devices that are routinely used in vehicles, and government to improve designs and functions to eliminate driver distractions.
- Improved driver education that includes the risks of distracted driving and ways to avoid such risks. Driver education is a significant component in securing overall safety on the roadways and must be utilized to help minimize distracted driving. This includes school-based driver education.
- Because driver licensing and education are state and local in nature and ASSE has more than 150 local chapters across the nation, implementation of these concepts can and should be undertaken at the grassroots level with ASSE chapter participation including the solicitation of sister societies and other community groups in this activity.
- Encourage fundamental designs in vehicles or devices that eliminate or reduce in-vehicle distractions based upon current technologies and human factor considerations.
Transporation incidents made up 40 percent of all 2008 fatal occupational injuries in the United States – for a total of 2,053 people – according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). From all traffic crashes in 2007 a total of 41,059 people were killed in the estimated 6,024,000 police-reported motor vehicle crashes in the United States, 2,491,000 people were injured and 4,275,000 crashes involved property damage only. The economic cost to the country for speeding-related crashes alone is $40.4 billion each year, according to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). An average of 112 people died each day in motor vehicle crashes in 2007 – one person every 13 minutes – and males accounted for 71 percent of all traffic fatalities, 70 percent of all pedestrian fatalities, and 88 percent of all pedal cyclist fatalities in 2007.
“We also urge employers to review their driver safety policies which could include not requiring workers to conduct business on a cell phone while driving, mandating the use of a seat belt and developing work schedules that allow employees to obey speed limits and to follow applicable hours-of-service regulations,” Patton said. “ASSE and its members continue to work day in and day out to make sure the millions of people who work every day return home injury and illness free.”
ASSE supports the annual Drive Safely Work Week, which is held October 5-9 and sponsored by the Network of Employers for Traffic Safety (NETS). This annual campaign is held to help employers promote safe driving practices within their place of business.