The new Board of Coal Mine Safety has the authority to put in place regulations that keep pace with changing mine safety technology – something the state previously was unable to do. Board members can act quickly to implement necessary improvements and precautionary measures that will keep miners safe as the industry advances.
That ability to make changes was made possible by the state’s new Bituminous Mine Safety law, which took effect on Jan. 3 to modernize Pennsylvania's outdated mine safety laws. It removes antiquated language that has very little to do with modern mining and reorganizes the inflexible regulatory structure that was criticized repeatedly in recent years.
The new law was prompted by the 2002 Quecreek Mine incident, where nine Pennsylvania coal miners were trapped underground for 3 days before they were rescued. Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Acting Secretary John Hanger said that following this incident, DEP did not have the authority to write new regulations that could correct the problems investigators found in the state’s mine safety law.
"Under the new law, we now have that authority,” said Hangar. “The Board of Coal Mine Safety is one of the most significant improvements to Pennsylvania's mine safety program, in that it allows us to make improvements as new mining technologies or hazards are identified. Additionally, it provides a framework that gives miners and the mining industry a voice in the process and allows us to address issues in a timely manner so the safety and well-being of miners and their families are not compromised.”
One of the board's first tasks will be to review recent changes to federal law that phase in new fire-resistant conveyor belts in mines and require mine operators to install in-mine refuge areas to protect miners in the event of roof collapses, fires or explosions. The board will have the option to amend these requirements into state law and institute more stringent requirements, if needed, based on geologic conditions and other issues in Pennsylvania's underground mines.
The seven-member board, chaired by the secretary of DEP, was appointed by Governor Edward G. Rendell and includes three representatives each of the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) and coal mining companies operating in Pennsylvania's bituminous coal fields. Members include:
- Ronald Bowersox, Shelocta, Armstrong County - UMWA
- John Gallick, Waynesburg, Greene County - Foundation Coal Corp.
- Dave Hudson, Claysville, Washington County - Consol Energy Inc.
- Robert Penigar, Ford City, Armstrong County - Rosebud Mining Co.
- Frank Reidelbacch, Ebensburg, Cambria County - UMWA
- James Sabella, Northern Cambria, Cambria County - UMWA
Mine Families First Act
In October, Governor Rendell also signed the Mine Families First Act into law to ensure that families of miners involved in underground emergencies are treated with dignity and respect while they await information on their loved ones. The act establishes a plan for notifying families about the status of their relatives and the progress of rescue operations; provides for transportation to and from a place for family members to gather; institutes security measures to ensure privacy; and provides counseling through social service organizations.
Pennsylvania is the fourth-largest coal producing state – after Wyoming, West Virginia and Kentucky – with 34 underground bituminous mines, including four of the six highest-producing underground mines in the nation. There were three fatalities in bituminous underground mines in Pennsylvania in 2008, all involving underground mining equipment.
More than 20,000 bituminous coal miners have died in accidents since the state began keeping records in 1877.For more information, read Pennsylvania Closer to Mine Safety Law Overhaul. ( http://ehstoday.com/safety/confined-spaces/ehs_imp_77498/index.html)