Christina Hemphill Fuller, an assistant professor of environmental health at the Georgia State University School of Public Health, says criminal charges in the case of poisoned water in Flint, Mich., that were brought against employees in state and local governments generally happen under the most egregious circumstances, where the concerns of the city’s residents – many of them having low-incomes, and who are people of color – were not listened to.
“Given these circumstances, the population is highly vulnerable and their concerns about water quality went unheeded (and were also challenged) by the people and agencies that should be protecting them,” Fuller says, including local elected officials, the state Department of Environmental Quality and even Gov. Rick Snyder.
“The residents have been vindicated by the clear science that was done in the community by researchers at Virginia Tech, and also by Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha,” she continues. “However, so much damage has already been done.”
Fuller’s research examines environmental health, looking at environmental health disparities and how low-income and minority communities often are at higher risk for detrimental health effects. In Atlanta, her research has investigated these impacts in terms of exposure to air pollution due to living closer to the region’s clogged freeways, as well as collaboration in other research at Georgia State University investigating lead in Atlanta’s soils.
While the charges are a move to justice by assigning responsibility for players in the tragedy, there’s much more work needed to truly address the critical issues at the heart of what ultimately led to the contamination crisis – and other acts of environmental injustice against low-income and minority community communities across the country, she says.
“The systemic bias within state and local institutions that has allowed this crisis to unfold must still be addressed,” Fuller says. “Getting to the root of systemic institutionalized bias is very difficult, because it is a function of a whole system beyond that of individual action.
“It is much easier for leaders to say the issue is solved now that there are a few people to blame,” she continued. “However, stakeholders can take this opportunity to bring attention to the systemic issues so that more can be done.”