“Over the past 9 years, OSHA has used a site-specific targeting inspection program based on injury and illness data,” OSHA Administrator Edwin Foulke Jr. said. “This approach allows us to focus our enforcement efforts on those workplaces with the highest numbers of injuries and illnesses.”
This year's program stems from the agency's Data Initiative for 2006, which surveyed approximately 80,000 employers to obtain their injury and illness numbers for 2005. The program will initially cover workplaces on the primary list that reported 11 or more injuries or illnesses resulting in days away from work, restricted work activity or job transfer for every 100 full-time employees (known as the DART rate).
The primary list also will include sites based on a days away from work injury and illness (DAFWII) rate of 9.0 or higher. Employers not on the primary list who reported DART rates of between 7.0 and 11.0, or DAFWII rates of between 4.0 and 9.0, will be placed on a secondary list for possible inspection.
According to OSHA, the national incident DART rate in 2005 for private industry was 2.4, while the national incident DAFWII rate was 1.4.
Targeted Sites Will Include Nursing Homes, Personal Care Facilities
OSHA will inspect nursing homes and personal care facilities, but only the highest 50 percent of rated establishments will be included on the primary list. Inspections will focus primarily on ergonomic hazards relating to resident handling; exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials; exposure to tuberculosis; and slips, trips, and falls.
The agency also will randomly select and inspect approximately 100 workplaces (with 100 or more employees) nationwide that reported low injury and illness rates for the purpose of reviewing the actual degree of compliance with OSHA requirements. According to OSHA, these establishments are selected from those industries with DART and DAFWII rates that are higher than the national rate.
The agency will include on the primary list some establishments that did not respond to the 2006 data survey.
To download the OSHA directive, click here.